A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a by Claes G. Ryn

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By Claes G. Ryn

A nice problem of the twenty-first century is the chance of clash among folks, peoples, and cultures, between and inside societies. In A universal Human Ground, Claes Ryn explores the character of this challenge and units forth a thought approximately what's priceless for peaceable family to be possible.

Many within the Western international belief in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” “scientific progress,” or “general enlightenment” to address this challenge. even if every one of those, adequately outlined, could give a contribution towards assuaging disputes, Ryn argues that the matter is way extra advanced and critical than is generally well-known. He purposes that, such a lot essentially, strong kinfolk between contributors and countries have ethical and cultural preconditions.

What can predispose them to mutual appreciate and peace? One Western philosophical culture, for which Plato set the trend, continues that the single method to actual solidarity is for old variety to yield to universality. The implication of this view for a multicultural global will be a peace that calls for that cultural strong point be effaced so far as attainable and changed with a common tradition. a truly various Western philosophical culture denies the life of universality altogether. it really is represented this day by way of postmodernist multiculturalism—a view that leaves unanswered the query as to how clash among assorted teams should be averted.

Ryn questions either one of those traditions, arguing for the aptitude union of universality and particularity. He contends that the 2 don't need to be enemies, yet in truth desire one another. Cultivating person and nationwide particularities is probably appropriate with strengthening and enriching our universal humanity. This quantity embraces the concept of universality, whereas whilst historicizing it.

Using wide-ranging examples, Ryn provides a firmly sustained and systematic argument centering in this primary factor. His process is interdisciplinary, discussing not just political rules, but in addition fiction, drama, and different arts. Scholarly and philosophical, yet now not really good, this publication will attract basic readers in addition to intellectuals.

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Extra resources for A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World

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Healthy family life and other civilizing forces such as education can assist the effort to achieve personal excellence—are indeed indispensable—but only sustained effort by individuals can improve the common life. According to the traditional understanding, the moral struggle with self, the slow development of character, is only a part of the protracted work of humanizing existence, but it is the part on which all the others—intellectual, aesthetical, political, 32 A Common Human Ground and economic—ultimately depend for their health.

The proper task, it would appear, is to work to spread a spirit of humanism throughout society and to humanize science and economic activity, making them means to the higher ends of civilization. This work is not, as should be clear from previous arguments, a matter of merely reviving and disseminating traditional beliefs. Those beliefs need critical and discriminating scrutiny, and must, to the extent that they remain valid, be restated in ways that can be understood and accepted in the contemporary world.

In his study of religion James treats sober and balanced religious experience together with emotional disturbance and extravagance of various kinds without providing an adequate criterion for telling them apart. See William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience (New York: Collier Books, 1961). The “inner check” is discussed in all of Babbitt’s books, including Rousseau and Romanticism and Democracy and Leadership. For a thorough philosophical explication and critique of this idea, see Ryn, Will, Imagination and Reason.

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