By Ian Breward
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Extra info for A History of the Churches in Australasia (Oxford History of the Christian Church)
In St Paul's, Cobbity, pews cost three shillings and ninepence a seat, but forms were fivepence a year. This supplemented income from 200 acres of glebe. Some fine Anglican buildings, like St James's, Sydney, and St Matthew's at Windsor, had been erected by convict labour by the early 18305. St James's even had a paid choir, though it could not rival the sound of the Catholic choir and band in the nearby Castlereagh Street schoolroom. Energetic and committed laity expected to be thoroughly consulted about finance and policy, but ministry to the convict majority of the population was largely a failure, if success was measured by changed lives, and active participation in worship.
23 C. M. H. , Melbourne, 1962-87) i. 109. A. Summers, Damned Whores and God's Police (Melbourne, 1975); P. , Creating a New Nation (Melbourne, 1994). 25 Recent research has suggested that religion was deeply embedded in the United Kingdom even if it was not orthodox in terms of official formularies. S. Green, Religion in the Age of Decline (Cambridge, 1996); A. M. Grocott, Convicts, Clergymen and Churches (Sydney, 1980). 24 From Missions to Churches 15 There the opportunities for exploitation were wide, and the demands of marriage and conformity not easily enforceable, for they did not fit within the rules of Polynesian behaviour.
The oaths taken by officers to the Crown reflected 18 W. J. Lines, All Consuming Passion (Sydney, 1994). From Missions to Churches 11 the fact that the United Kingdom of England, Scotland, and Ireland was Protestant by law. Political office, ordination, citizenship, and church membership were seen to be interrelated parts of the sacral and political order, along with public fasts, days of humiliation, and public prayers. Though this sacral framework for community life tenuously existed in the convict colonies of Australia, some of the authorities and their families remembered that order, attended church parades, or read services from the Book of Common Prayer or the Catholic Missal to their family until congregations were established.