A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca by David Abulafia

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By David Abulafia

The Catalan state of Majorca was once demonstrated less than the desire of King James I of Aragon, who conquered Majorca in 1229, however it was once governed from 1276 to 1343 by way of a cadet dynasty. the dominion incorporated the most important company facilities of Montpellier and Perpignan, and different lands in what's now southern France. It was once domestic to special Jewish and Muslim groups, and used to be the focal point of immigration from Catalonia, Provence and Italy. This ebook emphasizes the key adjustments within the exchange of the Balearic Islands from the eve of the Catalan conquest to the Black demise, and the influence of the kingdom's construction and death at the economic climate of the sector.

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All this gives his book a slightly crooked configuration, for the opening chapters concern the Catalan conquest of Muslim Mayurqa and the French emphasis comes into focus quite gradually. In a sense, Lecoy's study of Majorca must be read as a companion to his wellregarded life of the last major Angevin pretender, the fifteenth9 10 11 A. Riera Melis, La Corona de Aragony el reino de Mallorca en el primer cuarto del siglo XIV, vol. 1, Las repercussiones arancelarias de la autonomia balear (1298-1311) (Madrid/Barcelona, 1986); see also A.

James Ill's policies were built on an unequivocal assumption that as king of Majorca he could be subject to no other secular power. Characteristic was his decision to issue a set of' laws,' the so-called Leges Palatinae, which in fact consist almost entirely of descriptions of the ceremonial duties of the king's principal courtiers: the butler, the marshal, the constable and so on. He was irked by King Peter IV's insistence that he should kneel on a cushion no higher than that of ordinary barons when he came to perform homage to the king of Aragon.

Its beauty lies to a large extent in its austerity. 46 Nevertheless, depopulation, after the Black Death, changes in the international trade routes and war taxes combined to induce an economic crisis, marked by faction struggles in the capital. Trade on Mallorcan ships to Flanders and England faltered and died by the mid-fifteenth century. A particularly ugly manifestation of unrest was the attack on the Jewish community in 1391, which started as a rural protest aimed at the lieutenant governor, and which ended in the sack of the Call or Jewish quarter in Ciutat de Mallorca.

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