A Vision for the National Weather Service: Road Map for the by National Research Council, National Weather Service,

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By National Research Council, National Weather Service, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee, Panel on the Road Map for the Future

In this research, the committee explores methods the nationwide climate provider (NWS) can reap the benefits of carrying on with advances in technology and know-how to satisfy the demanding situations of the longer term. The predictions are serious about the objective yr 2025. simply because particular predictions in regards to the kingdom of technology and expertise or the NWS greater than 25 years sooner or later are usually not solely exact, the objective of this record is to spot and spotlight traits which are probably to persuade swap. The Panel at the highway Map for the longer term nationwide climate carrier built an positive imaginative and prescient for 2025 according to advances in technological know-how and technology.

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Extra info for A Vision for the National Weather Service: Road Map for the Future (Compass Series)

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Geostationary satellites provide images at high horizontal and temporal resolution, of clouds and total water vapor in tropical and middle latitudes but not over polar regions. Although some progress has been made in deriving vertical soundings of temperature and water vapor from geostationary satellites using infrared and BOX 2-2 Beyond NEXRAD NEXRAD, known also by its technical designation WSR-88D, may be the last radar system deployed operationally and dedicated to weather surveillance. Radars require large segments of valuable electromagnetic spectrum bandwidth, and they cannot provide uniform coverage, even over land.

With the 4DVAR process, observations over time for any model-predicted variable (or observations over time for a function of a model variable, such as radiances or refractivities) can be assimilated into the model. As these observations are assimilated, the model’s physical adjustment processes allow the impact of the observations to be spread throughout the model. With this approach to assimilation, the system of model equations plus observations produces a better data analysis than could be obtained from the observations alone.

Microprocessors can calculate derived statistical measures, such as the maximum, minimum, average, and standard deviation of selected phenomena over a standard time interval, as well as rates of change and other derived indicators. Microprocessors can also facilitate the transmission of observational data for incorporation into the NWS database. , clouds and precipitation) are also likely. The Cooperative Observer Network provides the basic data for defining the climate of the United States and for monitoring climate change.

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