By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
Hemistry is the technological know-how approximately breaking and forming of bonds among atoms. probably the most very important tactics for natural chemistry is breaking bonds C–H, in addition to C–C in quite a few compounds, and essentially, in hydrocarbons. between hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane and so on. ), are specifically beautiful as substrates for chemical changes. this is why, at the one hand, alkanes are the most components of oil and normal gasoline, and accordingly are the valuable feedstocks for chemical undefined. however, those ingredients are identified to be the fewer reactive natural compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons will be known as the “noble gases of natural chemistry” and, if this is the case, the 1st consultant in their relatives – methane – should be in comparison with super inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel among noble gases and alkanes isn't really totally actual. certainly the changes of alkanes, together with methane, were recognized for a very long time. those reactions contain the interplay with molecular oxygen from air (burning – the most resource of energy!), in addition to a few mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. despite the fact that, most of these adjustments ensue at increased temperatures (higher than 300–500 °C) and are typically characterised through a scarcity of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water in the course of burning is a very worthy technique – yet now not from a chemist point of view.
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