By Silvia Bonino
This informative and precious quantity offers a considerable contribution to the knowledge of adolescent possibility habit. The e-book combines theoretical research and the findings of a broad-based study undertaking, with obtainable presentation throughout.
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Additional info for Adolescents and risk: Behaviors, functions and protective factors
With this brief side note, we certainly do not intend, nor would it be possible, to offer a summary and discussion of the various theories that have been proposed on the concept of identity and its development during adolescence. For this we must refer to the literature on adolescents and on this specific topic. Here we mention just a few relevant points from the most recent developments in the research. ) and commitment to the prechosen alternative. Marcia identified four identity statuses: the achievement of identity occurring when, through a process of exploration, a personal, original identity is elaborated; foreclosure, when this exploration does not occur and one is limited to imitating the models provided by significant adults; the diffusion of identity, when exploration leads only to momentary and dispersive identity development without a lasting commitment; moratorium, when the explo- Functions of Risk Behavior Adulthood.
Hence, in studying the similarities and differences between the types of risk behavior, a delicate balance must be maintained in the analysis of both single aspects and their reciprocal interactions. Within the behavioral system, other factors are also considered in addition to risk behavior: daily activities of adolescents, their participation in different kinds of groups, and other types of behavior that can counter, diminish, or increase the effects of risk behavior. In accordance with the theoretical model, all these behavior types are considered as significant actions that express a specific mode of interaction between the individual and his or her environment.
Many types of risk behavior, such as those related to diet, aim to demonstrate an ability to control their own reality at a time when they have a great deal of uncertainty about who they are. Naturally this perception of control and invulnerability is at the most illusory and can have severe, even deadly, consequences because the ability to avoid dependence is overevaluated (for example, in the case of psychoactive substances), as is the ability to effectively control the situation (for example, in the case of risky driving or dangerous actions in general).