Amino Acids and the Asymmetry of Life: Caught in the Act of by Uwe Meierhenrich

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By Uwe Meierhenrich

This attractive research seeks to provide an explanation for why left-handed amino acids violated parity within the emergence of lifestyles on the earth. hence, it bargains all of the types proposed via physicists, chemists and biologists in addition to the clinical conflicts.

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Additional info for Amino Acids and the Asymmetry of Life: Caught in the Act of Formation (Advances in Astrobiology and Biogeophysics)

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More than 20 years ago, in 1986, the European GIOTTO mission took the first photo of a cometary nucleus. After this highly successful mission, ESA focussed on cometary research and started to design, plan, and construct the spacecraft ROSETTA, an official cornerstone-mission, which was launched with an Ariane 5 rocket in March 2004. Since then, the ROSETTA probe has been in space and already performed several fly-by manoeuvres at Earth and Mars in order to accelerate towards the target comet that is called 67P/ChuryumovGerasimenko.

Nevertheless, these enantioselective photoreactions suffer in principle from two disadvantages in explaining satisfactorily the origin of biomolecular homochirality (Bonner 1995a). On the Earth’s surface the circularly polarized light is extremely weak in a) intensity and b) handedness in the ultraviolet and visible region of the spectrum. Due to the discovery of both circularly polarized light in interstellar regions and prochiral 6 In this context, the term “chirogenesis” is used to describe the induction of an enantiomeric enrichment into a physico-chemical system composed of prochiral or chiral molecules.

Above 300 nm a positive ORD curve is given. By passing the critical wavelength λC = 295 nm, the optical rotation changes sign and shows negative values! Below 290 nm the dispersion is given as negative ORD plain curve. In the selected and calculated example, the compound specific constant A is arbitrarily chosen as A = 20 500 deg nm dm−1 . A Cotton effect of a chiral analyte recorded by an ORD spectropolarimeter shows a typical tangential curve. 3 nm. As a consequence of the Cotton effect, the (+) and (−)-categorization of enantiomers requires a fixed wavelength In order to determine the critical wavelength λC and the compound specific constant A for a given chiral molecule, the Drude equation can be transformed into Eq.

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