An Economic History of the American Steel Industry by Robert P. Rogers

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By Robert P. Rogers

This publication presents a easy define of the historical past of the yankee metal undefined, a zone of the economic climate that has been an enormous a part of the economic procedure. The booklet starts off with the 1830's, whilst the yank iron and metal resembled the conventional iron generating quarter that had existed within the previous global for hundreds of years, and it results in 2001. The made from this undefined, metal, is an alloy of iron and carbon that has turn into the main used steel on the planet. The very dimension of the metal and its place within the smooth economic climate supply it an strange relevance to the commercial, social, and political system.

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Extra resources for An Economic History of the American Steel Industry (Routledge Explorations in Economic History)

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The machines were used not only for shaping steel objects but also for shaping other materials. Improvements in machine tools increased the demand for steel in two ways. First, with the increase in the number of machine tools themselves, there was a greater direct demand, and, second, improvements in these machines increased the number of objects that could be made of steel. Improved machine tools made it easier to use steel in other objects. After the 1880s, internal combustion engines and electric motors started to be used in places where steam and water power had been used earlier.

Among the products with pools were various kinds of wire, nails, and iron ore. The failure of pools in these and other products increased the pressure for consolidation, but this solution led to the problems of firm governance. To analyze the governance problems, some particular companies are examined. One problem faced by firms was the control of inputs; it was illustrated by the experience of John Fritz, a technological pioneer who was the chief executive officer of the Bethlehem Iron Company.

Chief product of Bessemer steel, rails led to the early and fairly rapid adoption of the Bessemer process. The other parts of the railroad system using steel were the locomotives and cars. The production of locomotives rose from 300 in 1838 to 1,962 in 1880, and to 3,153 in 1900. At first, these machines were made mainly of iron but later mainly of steel. The amount of steel used in freight cars increased; it was not as much steel replacing iron as steel replacing wood. Early on, a railroad car could be described as a wooden house on iron or steel wheels.

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